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Ephesus


IZMIR/Selcuk Ephesus

Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 01/02/1994
List Reference:  665
CriteriaCultural

One of the seven wonders of the antiquty, Temple of Artemis, at Ephesus

Ephesus was an ancient city on the west coast of Anatolia, near present-day Selcuk, Izmir Province. The city which was situated at the beginning of the Persian Royal Road has survived sufficiently enough to enable us to understand the ancient way of life in Ephesus. It is one of the cities which played an impressive role in the beginnings of Christianity and during the period of its proliferation (St.John Church and the shrine of the Virgin Mary). Owing to its wonderful position and associated ports, Ephesos became Anatolia's most significant trading centre. The Temple of Artemis, which was considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is situated on the edge of this small town. The Celsus library, a theatre, a stadium, a gymnasium, temples and the famous baths are responsible for this city becoming a sports, religious, cultural and entertainment centre, especially in the Roman times.


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