City OF King Midas
World Heritage List Date of Submission to the Tentative: 13/04/2012
Ref. Nr: 5727
Gordion is located in the Yassıhöyük village, 21 km west of Polatlı and 96 km southwest from Ankara. According to the findings obtained from scientific excavations, the region was inhabited for a long period from the Early Bronze Age to the Middle Ages (AD 12 - 13th centuries). Gordion, stands out as the political and cultural capital of Phrygia as the Phrygians rose to power after the collapse of the Hittite Empire in the 12th Century BC. The tumulus of the region lie scattered in the wide valley east of the Yassıhöyük village. The top of these wooden tombs are covered with mounds made of piled earth. Their total number is over 80. The largest of the tumuli in Gordion is thought to belong to King Midas. With a diameter of 300m and a height of 53 m, the tomb is the second largest tumulus in Anatolia. The majority of the artifacts unearthed at Gordion are exhibited in the Gordion Museum and the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara.