Treasure of The Century
Muğla Mausoleum and Sacred Area of Hekatomnos
World Heritage List Date of Submission to the Tentative: 13/04/2012
Ref. Nr: 5729
The Mausoleum and Holy area of Hekatomnos are situated in the district of Milas, near to Mugla which is among the most important cities of Caria in the southwest Anatolian Region. The Mausoleum and the Holy Field; is constituted of the Temenos Wall, the Menandros Column, the podium, and the grave (the bearing room, burial chamber, sarcophagus and dromos). The mausoleum of Mausolus’s father is of unique value in that it is the only intact specimen that dates back to an earlier period than the same–sized Mausoleum of Halikarnassus which is said to have introduced the concept of mausoleum and is considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and today. The monument, among the most important structures of the ancient world and representative of the cult of the dead, is a masterpiece in terms of its architectural design as well as a sculpture and wall painting. Particularly, the sarcophagus of Hekatomnos Fritzli is a unique example of classical and Hellenistic Anatolia in terms of its size, qualities and the prominence of the persona for whom this tomb has been made for.