Pamukkale, is a natural wonder and one of the world’s most valuable ancient sites that has flourished with the civilizations it has hosted.
A natural phenomena bringing together the thermal waters of Lycos (Çürüksu) Valley with the travertine resulting from environmental factors and chemical reactions, Pamukkale, has attracted attention for its healing waters for thousands of years. In addition, the site fascinates visitors with its nebulous view.
The region is home to 17 thermal springs with temperatures ranging between 35 and 100 degrees. Rich in minerals the thermal waters pass through a 320-meters-long channel reach the top of the travertine and eventually fill and overflow the multilayered structure of the travertine.
Looking at this natural wonder from a distance, viewers will immediately notice the white cottony view of Pamukkale. Getting closer to the magnificent structure one can discern the gently flowing waters of the multilayered travertine and inhale the fresh air while observing the beautiful radiance of these white terraces when the sun shines. Swimming in the thermal waters of Pamukkale, believed to be the cure for many diseases, you will feel as if you are gliding above the clouds.
Located at the entrance to the ancient city of Hierapolis, Frontius Street is 1 km long and 14 m wide. There are houses and shops on both sides of the street that divides the city into two halves. The street is adorned with monumental gates situated at the entrance and end of the street. The Northern Byzantine Gate supported by two towers, serves as the city’s entrance gate. The Southern Byzantine Gate, on the other hand, attracts the attention for its structure made of travertine blocks and marble.
Surrounded by fortified walls during the Roman period, the settlement impresses visitors the most with its great Bath Complex illustrating the Roman architecture of the times. The vaulted rooms of the bath have been turned into museums and opened to visitation nowadays.
Also, the majestic theater of Hierapolis is still largely intact. The antique theater, constructed within a time span of 150 years, is one of the most original Roman theaters of the Mediterranean in regard of its unique architecture.
The St. Philip Martyrium was erected in memory of St. Philip who was one of Jesus’s disciples and killed in Hieropolis. Comprised of many small chapels the octagonal structure was built to serve as a religious and spiritual sanctuary.
In addition, Hieropolis is home to a variety of structures of worship such as Direkli Church and some cathedrals. The Agora Gate and Nympheum in addition to the monumental fountains and water channels are among the further ancient monuments located in Hieropolis.
In addition to sightseeing, visitors can spare some time for relaxation and enjoy the healing touch of nature by taking mud baths, or swimming in the thermal springs and healing waters.
Pamukkale is awaiting its visitors to explore its natural and historical landmarks.