This pilgrimage center for Christians was home to Virgin Mary and St. John. Ephesus is the first of the churches mentioned in Relevation chapters 1-3. The apmhitheater here is the location where craftsmen who made shrines of Artemis rioted against the apostle Paul. The House of the Virgin Mary is on Bülbül mountain near St. John's Basilica. The third ecumenical council convened in the church of the Virgin Mary in A.D. 431.