Istanbul - St. Irene
St. Irene, which is located on 1st courtyard of Topkapi Palace, was constructed by the Emperor Lustiniaus in VI. century. It consists of atrium, narthex, naos with three nephs and apse. It is a typical Byzantine structure with its material and architecture.
There have not been many changes in the building, as the church was not turned to a mosque after conquest of Istanbul in 1453. It was used as a booty and weapon warehouse for a long time. Son-in-law Ahmed Fethi Pasha, one of Field Marshal of Tophane, exhibited his works here in 1846. St. Irene was renamed as Muze-i Humayun (Empire Museum) in 1869. The works exhibited here was moved to Cinili Kosk (Pavilion with painted tiles) in 1875, as the exhibition areas were insufficient. St. Irene was used as a Military Museum since 1908. The building, which was empty for a while, was restored and made a unit of Directorate of St. Sofia Museum.