HakkariHakkari is also spelled Hakkiari, Hakari, Hakiari, etc., is a province situated in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey, located at the juncture of Iraq and Iran. Its adjacent provinces are Sirnak to the west and Van to the north. Mounts Cilo and Sat are the two towering ranges that dominate the topography, the slopes of which are favored for mountaineering and winter sports. The snow accumulating on the upper parts of these mountains form beautiful glaciers and the wide valleys between the mountains are flamboyantly colorful. The population of Hakkari is mainly Kurdish. Winters are cold and harsh, and summers are hot and dry. Because of the extreme geographic conditions of its region, agriculture as a means of livelihood is limited, and livestock raising is the main activity. The province is historically famous as the birthplace of the renowned 17th century Kurdish poet Ahmad Khani.
The capital city of the province is also called Hakkari. Situated at the south hillside of deep and long Zap Valley, the city is surrounded by lofty mountains, and serves as a base for mountain-climbers. It is connected by road to Van, 250 km north, and Siirt, 200 km west. The location of the city at the south east of Turkey is also of strategic importance to the country, as is the 343 km territorial band running along the on Iran - Iraq territory. Read More
Little is known about the history of the region before Europeans first visited it in the 18th century. It is thought however that the ChristianAssyrianconcentration dates back to the 14th century whenTimurlaneoccupied Persia and Mesopotamia and persecuted its Christian populace driving them to the safety of the mountains. By the...Read More
Hâkkari has acontinental climate. The winters are cold and snowy with an average of −5°C (23°F). The lowest recorded temperature was −22.7°C (−8.86°F) on 7 February 1997. The summer are hot and dry with an average of 25°C (76°F). The highest recorded temperature was 37°C (98.6°F) on 2 August 1991.Read More
Places of interest
Taş Köprü (Rock Bridge)is constructed on Şemdinli stream with a distance of 1,5 - 2 km to Nehri and 15 km to Şemdinli Province center. The Red Vault Graveyard (Kirmizi Kümbet Mezarligi) is a graveyard within Güleres Baba District, and is revered as a holy place and it is visitedRead More